Nuts, bolts and successful Type 2 strategies.


Many people have inquired about the specifics of how I personally control my condition. Breaking with my usual focus on the behavioral aspects of management, I thought I’d share more about the nuts and bolts that I find helpful, or essential. Because something works for me, there’s no guarantee it’ll do the same for you.

At the end of this post I’ll share a link to an amazing nutritionist, health consultant and food wizard, whose recipes and extensive knowledge turned things around for me.

So this is a summary of the best and most effective ways I maintain being fit and healthy, not just despite having Type 2, but because of it.

Choose what you want, try it to ascertain the results, and leave the rest!



Starting off with food, as it’s the most central issue for us all. For those who are serious about containing their diabetes and attempting to forestall any complications, it’s unwise to think “I’ll get to the food thing later”.

I started out being serious about it. From the moment I was diagnosed, which foods are ‘safe’ became an obsession. Over the top maybe, but I saw it as one area I could make wise choices, with significant benefits down the road. For those who struggle with delayed gratification, this will be a more difficult motivator.

Time to hit “reset”.

I refer to myself as a functional cook. I can prepare tasty meals, but it was more a chore than a joy. I never followed recipes, preferring instead to be creative and cook up what was around. The results ranged from fine to uninspired.

Aside from all the nutritional research I’ve delved into, I’ve eventually whittled it down to several rules I follow.

Due to weight loss and low carbs, I’m no longer resistant to the hormones ghrelin and leptin. I eat only when physically hungry and stop when full. This helps manage portion control. I limit any protein to 2-3 ozs and learnt to eyeball it (around the size of your palm).


I eat plant-derived carbs, from non-starchy veggies, and full fats as a source of energy. Mostly this means the lowest carb full fat dairy like greek yogurt, half and half or coconut milk (regular cow’s milk is too high in sugar (lactose) content. I use extra virgin cold pressed olive oil and either coconut vinegar, lemon or lime for salad dressing. When baking or cooking, the  I only use organic virgin coconut oil, or organic butter.

I avoid all grains and flours, so instead I bake with almond or flax meal, coconut flour or psyllium husk.

One “secret helper” I’ve used occasionally if there is limited food choice, or the ingredients unknown or possibly suspect, is white bean extract capsules. They block carbohydrate absorption. I don’t use them as an excuse to eat carbs, but sparingly if that’s the best option at a restaurant.



One of the triggers in developing Type 2 was significant sleep deprivation over a

imagesperiod of time. Due to severe menopausal symptoms, my sleep patterns were abysmal. At most I slept 4-5 hours down from my normal 7.5-8. Night after night I woke up due to ‘power surges’ of heat and energy causing my central nervous system to become aroused, and my body temperature rising and falling well outside a comfortable range. Sweating to shivering hourly…


This required a literal cooling down – I kept a damp cold face cloth next to the bed, windows wide open year round, light bedding and minimal contact with my partner, who tended to run hot.

Even as my body eventually cooled, turning shivery before normalizing, my mind was equally aroused, with thoughts torpedoing around that further pushed sleep away. After 18 months of this misery, I mentioned it to my MD who asked me why I was suffering like that? Not having a good answer, she prescribed sleeping pills. Never having tried them before, reluctantly I took them as clearly I needed to sleepBut knowing them to be addictive, this wasn’t a long-term solution.

Fast forward to today, what still works so well even though my sleeping has greatly improved as the flashes have decreased, is taking 1000 mg L-Tryptophan. This is an amino acid that’s a precursor (triggers production) of Serotonin, the neurotransmitter that regulates sleep (and appetite). It works! I also add 360 mg Magnesium Taurate which helps as a muscle relaxer, further ensuring sound sleep.

So I take both 30 minutes or so before bedtime, and sleeplessness is history. Consequently, given the connection between sufficient sleep, blood glucose level and appetite, all are better regulated.



Diabetes happened despite my regular daily workouts for years. As I learn how imperative exercise is to my new regime, I kicked it up several notches in intensity. Working well initially, it helped to sustain lower BG readings. But after several months, I noticed a troubling change.

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Typically, I’d test before, during and after exercising to gauge the impact. As a trend upwards to higher numbers began to show, initially baffled, eventually I traced it to the effect of intense exercise releasing cortisol, or adrenaline, which pushed up BG levels! Who’d have thought it! Backing down slightly to a moderate workout, this no longer happens.

Now, I fine-tune my exercise needs to fit with the balance of BG needs daily.

To avoid boredom, I mix strength or resistance training (very important as toned muscles vacuum up excess glucose carried in the blood due to being unable to enter the cells) with cardio, yoga, dance or hiking.



Often, things well beyond our control happen. How we respond is crucial. To strengthen my being able to let things go, or not ruminate on them, I stepped up my meditation practice.

Yoga and Diabetes Research

My favorite advice on how long to sit is a Zen master, who when asked, replied “Sit for 10 or 15 minutes, unless you’re really busy. Then sit for an hour”. Perfect antidote for this ADD time we live in.

I reinforced the ritual around sitting daily, so it didn’t require a decision to be made each time. After choosing the time and place that works and keeping my cushion and bench there, I just “show up” as part of my morning routine. Once I settle in the familiar posture,  immediately I notice my mind becomes calmer, more focused.

This results in increased concentration, a slower respiratory system (a feeling of being calmer), more deliberate chosen actions, less emotional reactivity, and better decision-making as patience kicks in. Any mental or physical agitation or restlessness dissipates, and I’m able to instead purposely move through tasks tending to each one effectively.

No more spinning, flitting ineffectively from one thing to another.

If a stress-inducing thought arrives in my mind, I internally respond by a “Not now” or “I’ll deal with that later”. It works well, until the stress builds up again. Repeat again and again until it becomes a ‘call and response’ automatically.

This is just a snippet of what’s worked for me. Perhaps it’ll inspire you to make some healthy changes by introducing new habits or items to your pantry. It’s by no means inclusive, just a taster…

I promised to share at the beginning the website of an amazing nutritionist, here’s where you can find amazingly healthy recipes and nutritional knowledge that won’t spike BG! What could be better…?


What’s worked for you? Can you share your own tips?

6 Ways to Avoid What 26 Million People Have

Please check out my guest post running this week over at Dumb Little Man, where I give 6 tips about Type 2 diabetes prevention. I’d love to hear your comments! You may also want to share with friends and family who are interested in ways to avoid Type 2.

The single most important thing to know about exercising

Unless you’ve lived on a remote South Pacific atoll for the last two decades, you’re most likely aware of the pervasive message to exercise.

And if you have Type 2 diabetes, it’s probably been even harder to avoid any recommendation to do so.

If you have the habit already, no need to read further, although don’t let me stop you!

But if you haven’t embraced it yet, here’s a brief recap of the value of exercise…

Our lives are pretty sedentary these days. Staring at one screen or another, smart phones, iPads, e-readers or computers takes up an average of 8.5 hours out of the day. Tack on TV and it adds up to more time than the average person spends asleep!

Put in that context, does it make you re-think your own choices?


Given that most of that “screen staring” is done while seated, our bodies are being neglected. Like all animals, moving optimizes all parts of our bodies, keeping it in good working condition. Moving around helps to maintain optimal body functioning. That includes the internal organs we don’t see, and know only by name or function!


OK, enough of the preachy “here’s what and why you should do this” bit. Personally, I can’t recall meeting anyone over the last couple of decades who doesn’t have an intellectual knowledge that it’s supposed to be good for us.

The biggest difficulty is the beginning of a “new habit”, especially one that may not excite you. It’s always going to be more difficult to acquire a new habit that has little appeal, or you feel neutral about.

Here’s where I’ll offer some suggestions to get you started in acquiring a exercise program tailored to your abilities.

How to begin an exercise program.

1. Start where you are!

Sounds reasonable huh? Don’t aim too high — being overly ambitious at the beginning will end up having the opposite effect. Rather than giving you a leg-up, or proving what a fit athlete you are, it’ll most likely backfire. Granted, there are those who can withstand the “jump in the deep end” approach. If you’ve had prior success with that method, go ahead!

If not, don’t!

The outcome could result in injury, strained muscles or worse. Often the latter won’t appear until a day or two later, giving a false sense of security. And afterwards, the experience you’ll recall will be the discomfort or pain you felt from overdoing it!

Unless you’re a masochist, you’re unlikely to want to repeat anything that hurt. If that happens, the tendency is to lose traction, be put off the idea of continuing, and the experience is filed away under “Tried, didn’t like exercising, it hurt”.

If you don’t have a recent history of being active, start with what you can manage. The point is to ease in slowly. Walk around your neighborhood, but not an 8-mile hike! Try just 20 minutes at a normal walking speed.


2. Listen to your body.

If that felt like a stretch for you, wait until the following day, then scan your body to see how it held up. Remember, you’re the only one living in your body, so avoid comparing yourself to someone else.

Only if the answer is OK, no aches or pain, wait until the day after that, then repeat. Muscles need at least 24 hours to recuperate from the activity (maybe you do too).


3. Build up slowly, be patient.

If this is your beginning level, ensure you don’t rush to overdo it. Perhaps walking twice the first week, gradually building up to alternate days after the first month, by adding another day every week or two.

The single most frequent obstacle I hear from clients to building and sustaining an exercise regime is going too fast initially and petering out as a result!

When you can’t fit in additional work-outs, then increase the amount of exercise incrementally, until you can handle 45 or 50 minutes.

Remember, you’re slowly, safely building muscle. Increase both frequency and duration, or difficulty (flat versus hilly terrain) slowly to allow your mind and body to acclimate.

4. Experiment with different activities.

The idea here is to translate this process to any activity, substituting what works for you, such as dancing or swimming, for walking. Mixing it up also will keep your interest longer.


Here’s the single biggest piece to ensure success…

Before you exercise, check in with how you feel emotionally (anxious/stressed?), your mental state (agitated/negative?), and your physical energy level (restless/inertia?) before you exercise.

Then run the same check after you finish.

Don’t allow any judgments here, just observe, notice, pay attention, become aware of it.

Without doing anything, allow what you notice cognitively (distracted/alert?), physically (achy/toned?) and emotionally (peaceful/angry?) to register.

Chances are that you’ll feel better than before.

And that’s what’s important to remember.

So, if you want to feel that again, you know how to bring it on — by repeating your work-out!



Focus on how you feel after exercising, not the activity.

Focus on the effect, how you feel as a result of working out, not the actual activity itself! Let’s face it, you’re more likely to lust after a pleasant state than an activity that’s not necessarily enticing!